Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Understanding It
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses morbid thoughts and feelings for the purpose of treating addiction and psychiatric disorders.
Dr. AAron T. Beck started Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in the 60s which is a branch of mental health counselling.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Getting in control of your thoughts and perception about life an addiction will help in overcoming this behaviours and this is something the patients are trained on at CBT.
Along with addictions, CBT also facilitates treating various co-occurring disorders, such as the following
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Bipolar disorder
- Various forms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Eating disorders
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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How Does Cbt Work
CBT clearly shows that a good deal of destructive emotions and actions are neither reasonable nor logical. Our environment and experiences in the past may be the cause of these actions and behaviours.
The patients can easily get to know the thoughts that are turning them to drug abuse through the help of the therapists. Involuntary ideas from a sudden urge and frequently emanates from a mistaken belief and a subconscious way of thinking based on low esteem and fear. People start to use some of the rugs in an effort to cover up these thoughts.
A person may be better able to deal with their addiction if they know what causes them to feel as they do and how these emotions and behaviours lead to the use of a drug or alcohol.
It has also been noticed that making an attempt to visit the painful memories it becomes possible for recovering addicts to reduce the pain which is caused by them. After that they can learn other, favourable behaviours that will replace those leading to drug or alcohol use.
Treatment For Addiction And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
It is Automatic negative thoughts that are often the major cause of various depressions and anxiety disorders, which commonly occur together with addiction.
Someone is bound to start using drugs or be addicted to alcohol if they constantly have negative thoughts and feelings of depression.
How to identify what brings on the urge for the drug or alcohol on a day to day basis. As alleged by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, CBT helps people recovering from addictions deal with their triggers in three main ways.
Cbt Helps Patients To Get Past Drug Addiction And Alcoholism By
- Getting rid of all the negative thought that lead people to addiction.
- Strengthen the patient with better ways of self-motivation.
- CBT can show the recovering user how to communicate better.
Skills For Managing Triggers
- Know Them (recognize)
- Know the things that create an urge to use drugs or alcohol.
- This involves distancing yourself from your triggers as much as possible.
- The techniques of getting rid of these feeling you have learnt from CBT will come in handy in this place.
The techniques provided by the cognitive-behavioural therapists can be practiced beyond the office of the therapist. Whether you are at home or in a group, there are many situations that you can use to practice the CBT exercises.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Cbt Therapy Principles
In order to help with addiction recovery cognitive behavioural therapists are known to utilise specific exercises.
Here are some examples of CBT techniques that are widely used in treatment of addictions
- Thought Records
- Recovering addicts are required to examine their automatic negative thoughts and to look for objective evidence either supporting or disproving the thoughts.
- The patients make a list of advantages and disadvantages of keeping or discarding the thoughts.
- The aim is to help them think positive, productive thoughts.
Example "my manager thinks I'm useless." For that, I need to use alcohol to get over this feeling "can be changed to " I accept my mistake and will rectify it next time. My manager will appreciate that I am learning from my mistakes and heeding his or her advice. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
- Behavioural Experiments
- To see the one that has a greater effect on behaviour, the effects of positive thoughts can be compared to those of negative ones.
- Some people can better judge themselves while others can complement themselves.
- The whole point of behavioural experiments is in finding out what works best for the particular individual.
For example "If I am harsh to myself after drinking to excess, I'll drink less" vs. "If I am kind to myself after drinking to excess, I will drink less."
- Imagery Based Exposure
- Here, the patients are encouraged to remember something bad that happened before that causes them to feel terrible.
- The person then carefully notes what they were seeing, hearing, feeling and thinking in that moment.
- Regularly re-enacting that moment in their minds, the patient can deal with the pain and nervousness brought about by the memory.
Example A young man emphasises on uncomfortable memories of his childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. Eventually, repeatedly remembering this episode gives him less pain, and he doesn't feel the need to take drugs or drink alcohol to ease this pain.
- Pleasant Activity Plan
- Enjoyable activities which can help break up regular routines can be learned by people simply by making a list of the healthy activities because the technique requires them to do so.
- The tasks included should encourage positive emotions while being uncomplicated and easy to perform.
- By scheduling these simple activities that individuals can easily reduce some of the negative and automatic thoughts within the mind and gain control over the subsequent need to indulge in the use of drugs or alcohol.
Example A financial advisor who works a lot, finds fifteen minutes every day to relax at his desk instead of drinking alcohol or using drugs at work. Instead, the break is used to listen to a recently released song from a new music sensation.
Difference Between Other Therapies And Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides a perfect alternative to less effective and engaging treatment techniques.
At CBT sessions, recovering addicts do not just talk, and their therapists do not just listen passively to patients. The addicts and the therapists will be working with each other to treat the addiction.
Focused and quick treatment that is based on actions is what Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is all about. Most of the 60 - 90 day rehab programs have CBT as a component that equips addicts with immediate techniques to help in coping.
Some kinds of psychotherapy can take years until they produce a reliable result. Positive results in CBT may be visible in as little as sixteen sessions.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can be adapted to make it effective during inpatient and outpatient sessions, along with individual and group counselling environments. CBT is a regular part of the treatment program as far as many rehab centres and addiction specialists are concerned.